Examining Cambodian high school science teachers’ perception of Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK)


  • Savrin Thy Aichi University of Education, Japan
  • Rany Im Aichi University of Education, Japan
  • Tsutomu Iwayama Aichi University of Education, Japan




Cambodian education, educational technology, science education, science teacher, TPACK


The purpose of this study is to assess Cambodian high school science teachers’ perceptions of Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) knowledge domains, including content knowledge (CK), pedagogical knowledge (PK), technological knowledge (TK), pedagogical content knowledge (PCK), technological content knowledge (TCK), technological pedagogical knowledge (TPK) and TPACK and investigate the relationship between knowledge domains with some demographic variables such as gender, qualification, age, teaching experience, school type and school location. The study surveyed 240 Cambodian high school science teachers using a self-rating questionnaire. Data analyses employed independent samples t-test, One-Way ANOVA and Pearson’s correlation statistics to produce findings. The results revealed that Cambodian high school science teachers responding to the survey rated their knowledge relatively high for the CK, PK, PCK and TK, but relatively low for TCK, TPK and TPACK. Difference analyses affirmed that only the school-type variable indicated the difference in the four technology-related knowledge domains of TPACK. Age and teaching experience had negative correlations solely with the four technology-related domains. In conclusion, Cambodian high school science teachers have enough knowledge in (1) subject contents, (2) teaching strategies of their subject matter, and (3) ICT for administrative works and to support subject-matter-related works. Cambodian high school science teachers need more knowledge of specialised ICT for education to improve their teaching and enhance students’ learning on their subject.


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Thy, S., Im, R., & Iwayama, T. (2023). Examining Cambodian high school science teachers’ perception of Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK). Journal of Science and Education (JSE), 4(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.56003/jse.v4i1.232